The sign said it all for residents at Saratoga and Miracle Beach this summer. Photo by Mike Chouinard

How bats could be key to winning Vancouver Island’s mosquito battle

Mammals have history of mosquito control, says expert Tim Ennis, but they need habitat

If bats are being used in the battle against mosquitoes in the Saratoga and Miracle Beach area, they might need an ally or two to protect their own habitat.

Tim Ennis, the co-ordinator of the new North Island chapter of the B.C. Community Bat program on Vancouver Island, says a big challenge in attracting bats to areas where humans are dealing with mosquitoes is that their habitats are disappearing.

He noticed this while checking the Saratoga and Miracle Beach area for populations that could potentially help control problem mosquitoes in the area. The problem has been getting worse and was especially bad this past summer.

RELATED STORY: Saratoga, Miracle Beach residents itching to get to core of mosquito issue

RELATED STORY: Human case of West Nile virus reported on Vancouver Island

Ennis uses a special ultrasonic microphone to pick out bat calls that humans cannot hear. This helps him to determine what types of bats live in an area.

“I also get a sense of how many are there,” he says.

He can attach this to his vehicle and drive around slowly to form a picture of where bat colonies are. He noticed populations at different ends of the region, but in the middle was a gap, which is where many mosquitoes tend to be.

“I drove the entire Saratoga-Miracle Beach neighbourhood looking for bats,” he says.

He was shocked to see so few in some trouble spots. The Oyster River estuary has lots of bats, as does the park at Miracle Beach.

“Everything in between has not got very many,” he says.

These happen to be locations where homes have been built, which once had old trees. These, in turn, provided homes to bats. This is not simply a problem for one section of the region but more of an issue throughout the Island.

“Other sites that they would normally use for habitat are not there anymore,” he says.

A solution for now is bat boxes, Ennis says. They are actually quite an old approach to the problem. The idea was proposed by a physician and bacteriologist named Charles A. Campbell in an attempt to control malaria a century ago. According to Bat Conservation International, he built large, multi-storey bat homes in the area of San Antonio, Tex., which after a few failed prototypes, ultimately helped eliminate malaria as a threat by reducing mosquito populations.

“It’s reasonable that something similar could work in Miracle Beach … Saratoga Beach,” Ennis says.

He has checked out Driftwood Marine Park, which has boxes, and thinks they can provide some habitat for bats.

While bat boxes can provide a good artificial habitat for the mammals, it’s not simply a matter of going to the hardware store and putting up some lumber.

“You might want to talk to a bat biologist before you just slap them together,” he says.

There are a lot of considerations, including the type of species in an area. Factors like temperature and humidity have to be considered if one hopes to attract bats. The time of the year is also crucial. Many of the bats in the area are getting ready to hibernate or head south. If it’s not a great time to build a bat box then, it is a great time, Ennis says, to start planning for next spring.

To help communities deal with issues such as mosquitoes as well as protect bat habitat, the North Island chapter of the B.C. Community Bat program started up in April. They have some seed money, but it really only covers basic expenses. Ennis estimates it probably does not even cover his travel to sites in the region, so he would like to find other funding sources to help with a program.

“Our bat program here is really new,” he says. “We’re trying to get the word out.”

Bats pose little risk

While there have been a couple of recent cases in which a bat on the Island was found to have rabies, Ennis says there is very little risk posed by the animals. One caution is for owners of pets, especially cats, which might come into contact with bats, to have their pets’ vaccinations updated. The bats that tend to be caught are also ones more likely to be sick. Still, the incidence of rabies in wild bat populations in B.C. is rare – at less than one per cent. As well, human-bat interaction is uncommon. As Ennis says, the tragic case of a human rabies mortality on the Island this year could be what has increased public interest.

“As horrible as that situation was, it does perhaps provide us with an opportunity as a community to reflect on best practices around bats to keep us safe, to think about the critical role bats play in our ecosystems and to acknowledge the significant threats to bat populations that are emerging,” he says.

Ennis also recommends not assuming a bat flying around or crawling during daylight has rabies, even if it seems to be acting strangely. Sometimes, animals have been disturbed from sleep during the day.

However, he does caution people against touching bats with their bare hands. If they must pick up an animal, they should use gloves or a towel. If they do have direct skin contact, regardless of whether they are bitten, they need to seek medical attention promptly – specifically, by getting a series of three vaccine shots.

Bats ultimately help humans to control unwanted insect populations, and of current concern to Ennis is a spread of a fungus killing bat species called white nose syndrome (WNS). It is not yet known to occur in B.C. but has been detected in Washington.

“If anyone encounters a dead bat (or many dead bats) between Nov. 1 and May 31, we want to collect those specimens to test them,” he says.

Ennis can be contacted at the North Island Bat Project at

Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.


The bat box is designed to provide habitat for the flying mammals in the hopes they can help keep the mosquito population down. Photo by Mike Chouinard

Just Posted

Vancouver Island farmers demand on-site slaughtering

Group: COVID-19 pandemic puts supply chains at risk, permission sought to butcher and sell locally

Nanaimo sheep farmer voices fears over flung dog feces

Deborah Wytinck worries parasites in dog feces tossed into pasture could infect her sheep

‘We need to do better:’ VicPD responds to more parties, gatherings

Chief pleads with public to ‘think of the greater good’

Island man to plead guilty to animal cruelty charge

Kevin Timothy expected to appear at the Duncan courthouse in June

Home-schooling about to become the rule, not the exception, on Vancouver Island

Experienced home school parent offers advice as kids prep for classes, but not classrooms

Canada expands 75% wage subsidy to COVID-19 affected businesses of all sizes: Trudeau

Program will provide up to $847 per week for each worker

Canadian COVID-19 update: Cases spike in Quebec & Ontario; Nine O’Clock Gun salutes health workers

Comprehensive Canadian news update as of 12:30 p.m., Monday, March 30.

Cruise ships, one with COVID-19 on board, carry Canadians covertly through Panama Canal

Zaandam, Rotterdam pass through canal under cover of darkness in face of local protests

’The energy sector is destroyed beyond repair’: expert on COVID-19’s impact on economy

‘That’s never been heard of before; no one sells oil for $4 a barrel.’ – Dan McTeague

Car wash COVIDiots plague Vancouver Island business

Ladysmith’s Wash Me on Ludlow suffers thefts and abuse of services

‘Return the joy you have taken:’ driftwood artist asks for return of missing owl sculpture

Buckminster the Owl is missing from his usual perch at Campbell River’s Stories Beach

Comox Valley Farmers’ Market set for online shopping

An online store will complement the market and is set to start taking orders soon.

Comox to Texada ferry run suspended for now as pandemic precaution

BC Ferries not making schedule changes of regular Comox-Powell River route

COVID 19: Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council, other First Nations mobilize resources

Some Indigenous communities are enacting emergency measures to cope during pandemic

Most Read